Biomass Power Plants In the United States

Biomass has been and continues to be a viable and sustainable method of producing electricity from renewable resources. When the collection and transport of the biomass fuel is managed properly and the power plant itself runs efficiently it is possible for the production of electricity to be performed relatively cleanly. We are seeing more and more coal-fired power plants converted to either 100% biomass fueled plants or co0generation plants that are partially powered by biomass stock.

Listed on this page are US biomass power plants producing commercial levels of electricity. Where possible more information about the power plants have been provided on a separate page. It will be possible to read about those projects by clicking on the links provided.

This list is by no means complete and more projects will be added as they come to our notice. Ultimately it is envisaged that this page will provide as complete register as possible of biomass power plants that are either in operation or are in the process of being developed.

Biomass Power Plants In the USA

Plant Name State County / City
Capacity
MW
On-line Year
Alabama Pine Pulp Alabama Monroe 32.09 1991
Alabama River Pulp Alabama Monroe 22.32 1978
Mobile Energy Services LLC Alabama Mobile 14.35 1985
SOU_AL_Biomass Alabama NA 0.03 2011
APS Biomass I Arizona Eagar 2.85 2006
Snowflake White Mountain Arizona Navajo 24.00 2008
Western Renewable Arizona Apache 2.50 2004
Century Flooring Co Biomass Facility Arkansas Izard 1.70 1980
Fourche Creek Wastewater Arkansas Pulaski 1.50 1983
Potlatch Southern Wood Products Arkansas Bradley 10.00 1991
STEC-S LLC Arkansas Arkansas 4.00 1997
Warren Biomass Facility Arkansas Arkansas 8.70
AES Mendota California Fresno 25.00 1989
Bieber Plant Biomass Facility California Bieber 7.00
Blue Lake Plant Biomass Facility California Blue Lake 11.00
Burney Forest Products California Shasta 31.00 1989
Burney Mountain Power California Shasta 9.75 1985
CA-S_CA_Biomass California NA 2.20 2011
Chinese Station Biomass Facility California Chinese Station 25.00
Chowchilla Biomass Facility California Chowchilla 12.50 2011
Collins Pine Project California Plumas 12.00 1985
Commerce Refuse To Energy California Los Angeles 7.00 1986
Covanta Stanislaus Energy California Stanislaus 18.00 1988
Delano Energy California Kern 49.00 1993
DG Fairhaven Power Biomass Facility California Eureka 17.50
Diamond Walnut Biomass Facility California San Joaquin 4.20 1981
Dinuba Biomass Facility California Dinuba 11.50
El Nido Biomass Facility California El Nido 10.00
Fairhaven Power California Humboldt 17.30 1986
Fresno Biomass Facility California Fresno 25.00
Gas Utilization Facility California San Diego 4.60 1985
HL Power California Lassen 30.00 1989
Imperial Valley Resource Recovery Plant California Brawley 15.00
Madera Biomass Facility California Madera 25.00
Martinez Sulfuric Acid Regeneration Plt California Contra Costa 4.00 1978
Mecca Plant California Riverside 47.00 1991
Mendota Biomass Facility California Mendota 25.00
Monterey Regional Water Cogen Facility California Monterey 1.50 1991
Mt Lassen Power California Lassen 10.50 1985
Mt Poso Cogeneration Power Plant California Kern 44.00 2011
Pacific Lumber California Humboldt 33.50 1989
Pacific Oroville Power Inc California Butte 16.50 1985
Pacific-Ultrapower Chinese Station California Tuolumne 19.80 1985
Plant No 2 Biomass Facility California Orange 13.50 1993
Port of Stockton Biomass Facility California San Joaquin 45.00 2014
Rio Bravo Fresno California Fresno 24.30 1988
Rio Bravo Rocklin California Placer 24.40 1989
Rocklin Biomass Facility California Rocklin 25.00
Shasta 1 Biomass Facility California Anderson 50.00
Shasta 2 Biomass Facility California Anderson 3.00
Sierra Pacific Anderson Facility California Shasta 5.00 1999
Sierra Pacific Burney Facility California Shasta 16.33 1986
Sierra Pacific Lincoln Facility California Placer 17.22 2004
Sierra Pacific Loyalton Facility California Sierra 13.08 1989
Sierra Pacific Quincy Facility California Plumas 28.84 1986
Sierra Pacific Sonora California Tuolumne 5.45 2001
Sierra Pacific Susanville California Lassen 12.60 1985
Sierra Power California Tulare 7.00 1985
Southeast Resource Recovery California Los Angeles 27.95 1988
Stockton Regional Water Control Facility California San Joaquin 2.94 2000
Susanville California Lassen 13.00 1985
Total Energy Facilities California Los Angeles 24.00 1986
Tracy Biomass California San Joaquin 18.75 1990
Ultrapower Chinese Station California Tuolumne 19.80 1985
Wadham Energy LP California Colusa 25.50 1989
Westwood Biomass Facility California Westwood 12.00
Wheelabrator Martell California Amador 15.00 1985
Wheelabrator Shasta California Shasta 55.40 1987
Williams Biomass Facility California Williams 25.00
Woodland Biomass Power Ltd California Yolo 25.00 1989
WWTP California Alameda 5.85 1985
WWTP Power Generation Station California Alameda 5.85 1985
Metro Wastewater Reclamation District Colorado Adams 9.80 1985
American Ref-Fuel of SE CT Connecticut New London 12.00 1991
Covanta Bristol Energy Connecticut Hartford 13.20 1987
Covanta Mid-Connecticut Energy Connecticut Hartford 112.80 1988
Covanta Wallingford Energy Connecticut New Haven 8.40 1988
Plainfield Renewable Energy Biomass Plant Connecticut Plainfield 37.50
Wheelabrator Bridgeport Connecticut Fairfield 61.25 1988
Wheelabrator Lisbon Connecticut New London 13.00 1995
Bay Resource Management Center Florida Bay 10.00 1987
Bryant Sugar House Florida Palm Beach 26.52 1962
Buckeye Florida Biomass Facility Florida Taylor 25.00 2006
Cargill Fertilizer Florida Hillsborough 75.90 1988
Cargill Fertilizer Bartow Florida Polk 80.00 1985
Cargill Fertilizer Mulberry Phosphates Florida Polk 19.53 1985
Covanta Lake County Energy Florida Lake 12.50 1990
Hillsborough County Resource Recovery Florida Hillsborough 26.00 1987
Jefferson Power LLC Florida Jefferson 7.50 1990
Lee County Solid Waste Energy Florida Lee 39.00 1994
McKay Bay Facility Florida Hillsborough 18.00 1985
Miami Dade County Resource Recovery Fac Florida Miami-Dade 71.62 1981
North County Regional Resource Florida Palm Beach 43.50 1989
Okeelanta Cogeneration Florida Palm Beach 74.90 2006
Okeelanta 2 Biomass Facility Florida South Beach 50.00
Pasco Cnty Solid Waste Resource Recovery Florida Pasco 26.00 1991
Pinellas County Resource Recovery Florida Pinellas 58.10 1983
Ridge Generating Station Florida Polk 47.10 1994
SI Group Energy LLC Florida Jefferson 7.50 1990
Southernmost Waste To Energy Florida Monroe 2.30 1986
Telogia Power Florida Liberty 12.50 1986
US Agri-Chemicals Fort Meade Florida Polk 32.00 1982
US Sugar Biomass Facility Florida Bryant/Clewiston 20.00
Wheelabrator North Broward Florida Broward 56.00 1991
Wheelabrator South Broward Florida Broward 57.90 1991
Plant Mitchell Georgia Dougherty 96.00 2012
Plant Carl Project Georgia Franklin 20.00 2007
Port Wentworth Biomass Facility Georgia Chatham 42.70 1991
Hawaii Comm. And Sugar Hawaii Puuene 12.00
Olokele Biomass Facility Hawaii Maui 4.00
New Meadows Biomass Facility Idaho New Meadows 4.50
Plummer Forest Products Idaho Benewah 5.77 1982
Potlatch Idaho Pulp Paper Idaho Nez Perce 27.20 1981
Tamarack Energy Partnership Idaho Adams 5.80 1983
Biodyne Congress Illinois Cook 12.60 2001
Biodyne Pontiac Illinois Livingstone 12.60 1999
Davenport Water Pollution Control Plant Iowa Scott 1.60 1995
Cox Waste to Energy Kentucky Taylor 3.30 1995
Agrilectric Power Partners Ltd Louisiana Calcasieu 12.20 1995
Baton Rogue Biomass Facility Louisiana Lake Charles 13.50
IMC Phosphates Company Uncle Sam Louisiana St. James Parrish 20.46 1968
Jeanerette Biomass Facility Louisiana Jeanerette 2.00
Ashland Biomass Facility Maine Ashland 40.00
Boralex Beaver Livermore Falls Maine Androscoggin 35.88 1992
Boralex Fort Fairfield Maine Aroostook 31.00 1987
Boralex Stratton Energy Maine Franklin 45.70 1989
Bucksport Mill Maine Hancock 23.25 1965
Deblois Biomass Facility Maine Deblois 22.00
Domtar – Woodland Mill Maine Washington 23.00 1966
East Millinocket Mill Maine Penobscot 19.04 1954
Forster Strong Mill Maine Franklin 0.85 1980
Fort Fairfield Biomass Facility Maine Fort Fairfield 36.00
Greenville Steam Maine Piscataquis 19.00 1988
Indeck Jonesboro Energy Center Maine Washington 26.80 1987
Indeck West Enfield Energy Center Maine Penobscot 25.60 1987
J & L Electric Maine Franklin 0.35 1980
J & L Electric Maine Franklin 0.50 2004
Jonesboro Biomass Facility Maine Jonesboro 24.50
Lincoln Paper & Tissue Maine Penobscot 10.00 2007
Livermore Biomass Facility Maine Livermore Falls 40.00
Maine Energy Recovery Maine York 18.00 1987
MMWAC Resource Recovery Facility Maine Androscoggin 2.10 1992
NENG_ME_Biomass Maine NA 16.00 2011
Penobscot Energy Recovery Maine Penobscot 21.20 1987
Regional Waste Systems Maine Cumberland 11.50 1988
S D Warren Westbrook Maine Cumberland 26.88 1982
Sherman Biomass Facility Maine Sherman Station 20.00
Somerset Plant Biomass Facility Maine Somerset 38.13 1976
Stratton Biomass Facility Maine Stratton 48.00 1989
West Enfield Biomass Facility Maine West Enfield 24.50
Wheelabrator Sherman Energy Facility Maine Penobscot 21.00 1986
Worcester Energy Maine Washington 13.00 1989
Montgomery County Resource Recovery Maryland Montgomery 54.00 1995
Wheelabrator Baltimore Refuse Maryland Baltimore City 61.30 1984
Covanta Haverhill Massachusetts Essex 42.78 1989
Pinetree Power Fitchburg Massachusetts Worcester 17.00 1992
Pioneer Valley Resource Recovery Massachusetts Hampden 7.50 1988
SEMASS Resource Recovery Massachusetts Plymouth 80.00 1988
Ware Cogeneration Massachusetts Hampshire 4.09 2006
Wheelabrator Millbury Facility Massachusetts Worcester 40.00 1987
Wheelabrator North Andover Massachusetts Essex 33.00 1985
Wheelabrator Saugus Massachusetts Essex 32.00 1985
Cadillac Renewable Energy Michigan Wexford 36.80 1993
Central Michigan University Biomass Facility Michigan Isabella 0.95 1987
Genesee Power Station LP Michigan Genesee 35.00 1995
Grayling Generating Station Michigan Crawford 36.20 1992
Greater Detroit Resource Recovery Michigan Wayne 63.61 1988
Hillman Power LLC Michigan Montmorency 17.80 1987
Kent County Waste to Energy Facility Michigan Kent 15.70 1989
Viking Energy of Lincoln Michigan Alcona 16.00 1989
Viking Energy of McBain Michigan Missaukee 16.00 1988
White Pine Electric Power Michigan Ontonagon 18.00 1954
Bayport Biomass Facility Minnesota Bayport 6.00
Central Minn. Ethano Minnesota NA 0.95 2006
Covanta Hennepin Energy Minnesota Hennepin 33.70 1989
Duluth Biomass Facility Minnesota Duluth 7.00
Elk River Minnesota Sherburne 29.80 1951
Fibrominn Biomass Power Plant Minnesota Swift 55.00 2007
Hibbing Minnesota St. Louis 20.00 2007
M L Hibbard Minnesota St. Louis 48.60 1988
MRO_MN_Biomass Minnesota NA 16.50 2011
Olmsted Waste Energy Minnesota Olmsted 2.70 1987
Perham Incinerator Minnesota Otter Tail 1.20 2003
Rapids Energy Center Minnesota Itasca 22.50 1980
Red Wing Biomass Facility Minnesota Goodhue 24.00 1949
St. Paul Biomass Facility Minnesota St Paul 25.00
Virginia Minnesota St. Louis 15.00 2007
Wilmarth Biomass Facility Minnesota Blue Earth 24.00 1948
Leaf River Cellulose LLC Mississippi Perry 37.50 1984
Papillion Creek Wastewater Nebraska Sarpy 1.50 1987
NWPE_NV_Biomass Nevada NA 1.00 2011
Alexandria Biomass Facility New Hampshire Alexandria 15.00
Berlin Gorham Biomass Facility New Hampshire Coos 5.00 1948
Bridgewater Power LP New Hampshire Grafton 16.00 1987
Burgess BioPower New Hampshire Berlin 75.00 2013
Hemphill Power & Light New Hampshire Sullivan 14.13 1987
NENG_NH_Biomass New Hampshire NA 17.50 2011
Pinetree Power Bethlehem New Hampshire Grafton 15.00 1987
Pinetree Power Tamworth New Hampshire Carroll 20.00 1987
Schiller New Hampshire Rockingham 36.97 2006
Schiller Station New Hampshire Portsmouth 50.00
Springfield Power LLC Biomass Facility New Hampshire Springfield 16.00
Tillotson Rubber New Hampshire Coos 0.70 1978
Wheelabrator Claremont Facility New Hampshire Sullivan 4.50 1987
Wheelabrator Concord Facility New Hampshire Merrimack 14.00 1989
Whitefield Power & Light New Hampshire Coos 14.50 1987
American Ref-Fuel of Essex New Jersey Essex 60.00 1990
Camden Resource Recovery Facility New Jersey Camden 30.00 1991
Covanta Warren Energy New Jersey Warren 10.00 1988
Middlesex Generating Facility New Jersey Middlesex 18.80 2001
Union County Resource Recovery New Jersey Union 37.50 1994
Wheelabrator Gloucester LP New Jersey Gloucester 12.00 1990
Southside Water Reclamation Plant New Mexico Bernalillo 6.40 1987
American Ref-Fuel of Hempstead New York Nassau 67.70 1989
American Ref-Fuel of Niagara New York Niagara 18.00 1980
Chateaugay Biomass Facility New York Chateaugay 20.00 1993
Covanta Babylon Energy New York Suffolk 14.36 1989
Dutchess County Resource Recovery Agency New York Dutchess 7.20 1987
Huntington Resource Recovery Facility New York Suffolk 25.00 1991
Lyonsdale Biomass LLC New York Lewis 19.00 1992
MacArthur Waste to Energy Facility New York Suffolk 4.60 1990
Montgomery Biomass Facility New York Montgomery 24.00
Ogdensburg Power New York St. Lawrence 25.00 2009
Onondaga County Resource Recovery New York Onondaga 30.00 1994
Oswego County Energy Recovery New York Oswego 3.34 1986
Wheelabrator Hudson Falls, LLC New York Washington 11.50 1991
Wheelabrator Westchester New York Westchester 51.00 1984
Craven County Wood Energy LP North Carolina Craven 48.00 1990
Green Power Kenansville North Carolina Duplin 32.40 1986
New Hanover County WASTEC North Carolina New Hanover 3.60 1991
Sauder Power Plant Ohio Fulton 7.20 1993
Biomass One Oregon White City 30.00
Biomass One LP Oregon Jackson 1985
Co-Gen II LLC Oregon Douglas 6.98 1987
Co-Gen LLC Oregon Grant 6.98 1986
Covanta Marion Inc. Oregon Marion 11.50 1986
Evergreen Biopower LLC Oregon Lyons 10.00
Klamath Falls Power Plant Oregon Klamath Falls 42.00
Medford Operation Biomass Facility Oregon Jackson 7.50 1956
PNW_OR_Biomass Oregon NA 13.20 2011
Prairie City Biomass Facility Oregon Prairie City 10.00
Riddle Biomass Facility Oregon Riddle 7.50
Rough and Ready Lumb Oregon Josephine 1.70 2007
Short Mountain Biomass Facility Oregon Lane 3.20 1993
Wauna Mill Biomass Facility Oregon Clatsop 20.00 1996
American Ref-Fuel of Delaware Valley Pennsylvania Delaware 80.00 1991
Koopers Susquehanna Plant Pennsylvania Lycoming 11.50 1988
Lancaster County Resource Recovery Pennsylvania Lancaster 32.40 1990
MACW_PA_Biomass Pennsylvania NA 30.00 2011
Montenay Montgomery LP Pennsylvania Montgomery 28.00 1991
Montgomery Biomass Facility Pennsylvania Montgomery 7.50
P H Glatfelter Pennsylvania York 22.40 1993
Spring Grove Biomass Facility Pennsylvania Spring Grove 24.00
Viking Energy of Northumberland Pennsylvania Northumberland 16.00 1988
Wheelabrator Falls Pennsylvania Bucks 48.10 1994
York County Resource Recovery Pennsylvania York 28.00 1989
Charleston Resource Recovery Facility South Carolina Charleston 9.50 1989
Pinelands Allendale South Carolina Allendale 17.8 2013
Pinelands Dorchester South Carolina Dorchester 17.8 2013
Stone Container Florence Mill South Carolina Florence 15.27 1974
Stone Container Florence Mill South Carolina Florence 7.63 1963
McMinnville Tennessee Warren 1.80 2005
Celanese Biomass Facility Texas Gray 13.00 1964
ENTG_TX_Biomass Texas NA 14.20 2011
ERCT_TX_Biomass Texas NA 50.09 2011
Lufkin Power Plant Texas Lufkin 50.00 2009
Nacogdoches Power Plant Texas Sacul 100.00
Rhodia Houston Plant Texas Harris 6.00 1970
Snider Industries Texas Harrison 5.00 1983
Woodville Renewable Energy Project Texas Tyler 50.00
Wasatch Energy Systems Energy Recovery Utah Davis 1.40 1986
Berkshire Cow Power Vermont Franklin 0.30 2007
Blue Spruce Farm Ana Vermont Addison 0.30 2005
Burlington Biomass Facility Vermont Burlington 50.00
Green Mtn Dairy Vermont Franklin 0.30 2007
J C McNeil Vermont Chittenden 52.00 1984
Montagne Farms Vermont Franklin 0.30 2007
Ryegate Power Station Vermont Caledonia 20.00 1992
Covanta Alexandria/Arlington Energy Virginia Alexandria 29.00 1987
Covanta Fairfax Energy Virginia Fairfax 79.00 1990
Multitrade of Pittsylvania LP Virginia Pittsylvania 79.64 1994
Scott Wood Biomass Facility Virginia Amelia 3.40 2003
South Boston Energy Plant Virginia Halifax 49.90 2013
SPSA Waste To Energy Power Plant Virginia Portsmouth 46.50 1987
Stone Container Hopewell Mill Virginia Hopewell (city) 20.35 1980
Aberdeen Biomass Facility Washington Aberdeen 12.00
Colville Indian Power & Veneer Facility Washington Okanogan 12.50 2002
Everett Cogen Washington Snohomish 36.00 1996
Kettle Falls Generating Station Washington Stevens 50.00 1983
Longview Fiber Power Washington Longview 54.00
PNW_WA_Biomass Washington NA 16.25 2011
Sierra Pacific Aberdeen Washington Grays Harbor 16.50 2003
Sierra Pacific Burlington Facility Washington Skagit 25.00 2006
Simpson Tacoma Biomass Facility Washington Tacoma 50.00
S.P. Everett Biomass Facility Washington Burlington 20.00
West Point Treatment Plant Washington King 3.90 1983
Wheelabrator Spokane Washington Spokane 26.00 1991
Bay Front Wisconsin Ashland 74.00 1954
E J Stoneman Station Wisconsin Grant 50.00 2009
French Island Biomass Facility Wisconsin La Crosse 28.00 1940
MMSD South Shore Wastewater Wisconsin Milwaukee 1.40 2000
Minergy Neenah Biomass Facility Wisconsin Winnebago 6.50 1999
Project Apollo Power Plant Wisconsin Milwaukee 40.00
Rothschild Cogeneration Plant Wisconsin Marathon 50.00  2013

One Response to “Biomass Power Plants In the United States”

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  1. Ed Gee says:

    Thank you for the webpage and spreadsheet. Do you have additional information on location or distance of biomass? In general, would the radius be 50 mile radius from the biomass power plant be the norm? There would be aberrations to the norm, of course.

    Also, do you provide projections in the future about the increase (%) of biomass power plants? Thank you for the information.

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